So you’re thinking about a kitchen renovation. Among the many decisions you’ll make is what type of countertop material you’d like for your new kitchen!
One thing is for sure - the countertop material you choose must be both functional as well as beautiful. It can be a little overwhelming looking at all your different options - from natural stone and acrylic sheets to quartz composites and concrete - so we hope you find our guide on the different materials informative.
Wooden surfaces lend a room an invitingly warm look. There are plenty of colours and finishes to choose from, but hardwoods like maple and oak are the most often used species of wood for countertops.
To maintain wood, homeowners can choose a polyurethane seal that offers protection for many years or a mineral oil finish that draws out the natural beauty and warmth of the wood but does not protect for as long.
Offers a quaint, warm, inviting look in most kitchens
Relatively easy to clean
Can be sanded and resealed as needed
Very long-lasting when properly cared for
Can be damaged by water and stains over time
Surfaces can be scratched and cut by knives
Wood is subject to cracking if not maintained; must be oiled and sealed frequently
Bacteria can be a problem if not properly maintained
Fairly expensive countertop material
If you’re after a more contemporary and industrial look for your kitchen, stainless steel is a good option. Stainless steel countertops are heat resistant and durable. Because they're constructed to your specifications, you can have a seamless countertop.
Excellent for modern-style kitchens
Resistant to heat damage
Easiest of all countertop materials to clean
Regarded as "premium" countertop; adds real estate value
Very expensive to fabricate
Easily scratched; not a cutting surface
Quartz is one of the most appealing man-made material and an alternative to natural stone. It is engineered by pulverizing waste rock and adding resins for hardness and binding. Quartz countertops are not solid slabs of quartz stone but instead is an engineered stone product. You can also benefit from the antibacterial agents often added to many quartz countertops.
Quartz crystals and other natural minerals are included in the stone, creating a beautiful look.
Quartz countertops are highly sought after thus adding resale value in a home.
Many different colours and styles are available.
These countertops are more durable and less susceptible to scratching than solid surface.
Quartz countertops are exceedingly heavy.
Must be installed only be experienced installers. There is no DIY option.
Granite was king for some time, defining elegance in a kitchen. Even the most modest kitchens can feel much more elevated when they are equipped with granite countertops.
Historically, granite was an expensive material, but its cost has come down somewhat as supplies have increased and engineered stone has become more common.
Almost impervious to heat
Nearly 3,000 different colors and types available
Very strong and durable
Adds real estate value to home
Nearly maintenance-free when treated with newer sealers
Very expensive material
Slabs may have imperfections
Stone is porous and requires sealing to avoid stains
Can crack if stressed or improperly installed
Not suitable for DIY installation
Knives are quickly dulled by cutting on granite
Marble is another natural stone option that is in high demand for kitchen countertops. Marble's unique appearance and veined patterns make it one of the most attractive of all natural stones.
However, you should know that marble is a relatively soft and porous stone that MUST be carefully and repeatedly sealed if used for kitchen countertops. Like granite, marble is available in three forms—solid slabs, modular marble, and marble tiles. As with granite, solid slabs are the best choice for countertops.
Marble is characterized by a natural veining that sets it apart from other stones. It is very beautiful.
Each slab has slightly different veining, meaning each marble countertop will be unique.
Marble is porous and can be easily stained unless it is regularly sealed with a top-quality sealing product.
A relatively soft stone, marble is easily scratched by knives and other kitchen utensils.
Like most natural stone, marble is a rather expensive material for large spaces.
New, stronger glass can also be formed into slabs for countertops. The result is a truly unique countertop with a number of positive attributes.
Glass is one of the very best materials for resisting bacteria and ease of cleaning and upkeep.
High-tensile glass is heat-, scratch-, mold-, and stain-resistant.
These countertops have an unusual and captivating look that cannot be duplicated by any other countertop material.
While glass countertops do have high tensile strength, they are still glass—and can crack.
Few countertop fabricators are equipped to install this special material.
Soapstone is another natural stone, usually dark gray in color with a smooth, silky feel. Many choose soapstone as an alternative to granite. Soapstone is often seen in historic homes but is also used in modern homes as both a countertop and sink material. Over time, soapstone ages to look like an antique and is beautiful if that is the look you are going for.
Offers a vintage, historic look to a kitchen
Deep, rich color
Somewhat stain resistant
Damage can be sanded out
Contrary to expectations, the architectural soapstone used for countertops is actually quite hard and resistant to stain. However, it will scratch over time, although this can add to the antique patina of the stone
Fairly impervious to heat
Must be treated with mineral oil
May darken over time
Surface can scratch and dent, though this can create an attractive antique look
DIY installation not possible
Limestone is a natural stone made up of exoskeletons of coral, shells, algae and calcium carbonate. It is a more affordable option as compared to its natural stone competitors, marble and travertine. Even since ancient times, limestone has been the first choice of builders as it is easy to cut and work with.
Limestone is quite tough but it is porous so it does require care. You need to get your limestone sealed by a stone professional before or after installation so that nothing seeps into its structure. Limestone should never be bleached or cleaned with acidic cleaners. Use neutral stone cleaning products to avoid staining and etching of your limestone products.
Limestone is one of the most aesthetically pleasing natural stones in the world that not only looks elegant with its neutral tones and light hues but also adds an earthy vibe to your house’s indoor space.
Limestone countertops ability to fit in any type of design whether traditional or contemporary makes it the best candidate for renovation projects.
This stone is quite durable and its resilience against the test of time can be seen from iconic buildings such as the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Lincoln Memorial and the Parthenon.
These countertops are not manufactured with chemicals which makes them perfect for those looking for environment-friendly products.
If you are a person who does not have the time to take special care of their bathroom or kitchen countertop then getting a limestone one should definitely not be on your list.
Limestone is made of calcium carbonate which reacts violently with anything that has acidic nature which includes everyday edible items like citrus fruits, coffee, wine, and ketchup, etc.
You also need to be careful regarding hot pans and abrasive materials as they can cause scratches on the limestone countertop’s surface.
Many kitchens use more than one countertop material—so if it suits your design scheme, don’t be afraid to mix and match. Choosing the right material for your kitchen countertop is a very important decision. After all, you will be using the countertop every day, and it can have an impact on your home’s value.
We hope you found our guide on the different countertop materials available for your kitchen renovation informative!
Tandem Construction is a general contracting, project management and carpentry company delivering luxury home renovations in Vancouver and the North Shore. From kitchen, bathroom or living room renovations, creating an income producing suite or a total home renovation, our team of project managers, carpenters and a network of trades professionals are focused on taking your dream home from vision to fruition. It all starts with a free consultation so we can determine your goals. Contact us today!